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Oxford New Histories of Philosophy speaks to a growing concern to broaden and reexamine philosophy’s past. As professional philosophers grapple with the scarcity of women and people of color in their discipline, and as teachers of philosophy struggle to design courses that speak to their students’ diverse interests, there is a palpable need for change. We intend Oxford New Histories of Philosophy to have a major impact on how philosophy is taught and practiced in the English-speaking world.

By assuming that our philosophical past can help to invigorate our courses, the series explores the fascinating twists and turns in philosophy’s rich history. And, by making long-lost readings available, its books are helping instructors to rethink their standard courses and speak to a new generation of students eager to discover the full breadth and variety of philosophy. Oxford New Histories of Philosophy books are useful to anyone wishing to diversify or rethink a philosophy course or area of research, whether problem-related or historical.

There are two kinds of books in this series:

  1. Primary texts: The first includes primary texts, organized around a prominent author or topic, along with a philosophically astute and historically rich introduction. The goal is to help instructors and scholars navigate unexplored materials in the history of philosophy.
  2. Philosophical commentaries: The second kind of books are philosophical commentaries on important non-canonical primary materials. Whether a single-authored monograph or collection of essays, these will explicate and evaluate works and topics left out of standard narratives. The goal is to offer sophisticated analyses of understudied primary materials.

Call for Manuscripts

Africana Philosophy

The Oxford New Histories of Philosophy series seeks to broaden and reexamine philosophy’s past. As part of that effort, the series has interest in manuscripts focused on the history of Africana Philosophy, with special interest in African American political thought, and its continued contributions to contemporary concerns and themes in philosophy. Manuscripts should help readers rethink the structure of their historical narratives regarding philosophy’s history and also enrich a new generation of instructors and scholars as they map the philosophical landscape of the past.

The series is especially interested in two kinds of manuscripts.

Primary Texts are organized around an author or topic in Africana philosophy, along with a philosophically astute and historically rich introduction. The goal is to help scholars navigate unexplored materials in the history of philosophy. The series treats the term “philosophy” capaciously. Primary texts might reconsider the ways practices of slavery, domination, exclusion, and colonialism have shaped the arguments taken up by underexplored black thinkers, as well as the ways those arguments lie in and beyond the traditional treatise, political pamphlet, essay, and autobiography.

Examples of figures include:

  • Quobna Ottobah Cugoano
  • Maria Stewart
  • Martin Delany’s Political Destiny (Forthcoming)
  • Alexander Crummell
  • Booker T. Washington
  • Anna Julia Cooper
  • C. L. R. James
  • James Baldwin

Philosophical Commentaries are books on important primary materials and figures in the traditions of Africana philosophy. Monographs might offer fresh interpretations of single or multiple figures such as those listed above. Other monographs might stage an interaction between traditional “Western” concepts and Africana philosophy, highlighting the way in which figures cast a fresh light on well-known philosophical discussions. Yet other monographs might combine a primary text with critical philosophical essays by several scholars.

Examples include, although these need not be the final titles:

  • Dignity in African American thought
  • Rights in African American political thought
  • Recognition in Africana philosophy
  • Democracy (or Liberalism or Republicanism) in Africana Philosophy
  • Gender and Patriarchy in African American thought
  • Capitalism and Race in Africana Philosophy
  • Critical Essays on James Baldwin (or some other figure)

Send proposals to Melvin L. Rogers. For more detail on writing a proposal, click here (for Primary Texts) or here (for Philosophical Commentaries): https://oxford-new-histories.com

Series Editors’ Foreward

Oxford New Histories of Philosophy speaks to a new climate in philosophy.

There is a growing awareness that philosophy’s past is richer and more diverse than previously understood. It has become clear that canonical figures are best studied in a broad context. More exciting still is the recognition that our philosophical heritage contains long-forgotten innovative ideas, movements, and thinkers. Sometimes these thinkers warrant serious study in their own right; sometimes their importance resides in the conversations they helped reframe or problems they devised; often their philosophical proposals force us to rethink long-held assumptions about a period or genre; and frequently they cast well-known philosophical discussions in a fresh light.

There is also a mounting sense among philosophers that our discipline benefits from a diversity of perspectives and a commitment to inclusiveness. In a time when questions about justice, inequality, dignity, education, discrimination, and climate (to name a few) are especially vivid, it is appropriate to mine historical texts for insights that can shift conversations and reframe solutions. Given that philosophy’s very long history contains astute discussions of a vast array of topics, the time is right to cast a broad historical net.

Lastly, there is increasing interest among philosophy instructors in speaking to the diversity and concerns of their students. Although historical discussions and texts can serve as a powerful means of doing so, finding the necessary time and tools to excavate long-buried historical materials is challenging.

Oxford New Histories of Philosophy (ONHP) is designed to address all these needs. It will contain new editions and translations of significant historical texts. These primary materials will make available, often for the first time, ideas and works by women, people of color, and movements in philosophy’s past that were groundbreaking in their day, but left out of traditional accounts. Informative introductions will help instructors and students navigate the new material. Alongside its primary texts, ONHP will also publish monographs and collections of essays that offer philosophically subtle analyses of understudied topics, movements, and figures. In combining primary materials and astute philosophical analyses, ONHP will make it easier for philosophers, historians, and instructors to include in their courses and research exciting new materials drawn from philosophy’s past.

ONHP’s range will be wide, both historically and culturally. The series plans to include, for example, the writings of African American philosophers, twentieth-century Mexican philosophers, early modern and late medieval women, Islamic and Jewish authors, and non-western thinkers. It will excavate and analyze problems and ideas that were prominent in their day but forgotten by later historians. And it will serve as a significant aid to philosophers in teaching and researching this material.

As we expand the range of philosophical voices, it is important to acknowledge one voice responsible for this series. Eileen O’Neill was a series editor until her death, December 1, 2017. She was instrumental in motivating and conceptualizing ONHP. Her brilliant scholarship, advocacy, and generosity made all the difference to the efforts that this series is meant to represent. She will be deeply missed, as a scholar and a friend.

We are proud to contribute to philosophy’s present and to a richer understanding of its past.

Christia Mercer and Melvin Rogers,

Series Editors

Mexican Philosophy in the 20th Century

Edited by Carlos Alberto Sánchez and Robert Eli Sanchez, Jr.

Sánchez and Sanchez have selected, edited, translated, and introduced some of the most influential texts in Mexican philosophy, which constitute a unique and robust tradition that will challenge and complicate traditional conceptions of philosophy. The texts collected here are organized chronologically and represent a period of Mexican thought and culture that emerged from the Mexican Revolution of 1910 and which culminated in la filosofía de lo mexicano (the philosophy of Mexicanness). Though the selections reflect on a variety of philosophical questions, collectively they represent a growing tendency to take seriously the question of Mexican national identity as a philosophical question–especially given the complexities of Mexico’s indigenous and European ancestries, a history of colonialism, and a growing dependency on foreign money and culture. More than an attempt to describe the national character, however, the texts gathered here represent an optimistic period in Mexican philosophy that aimed to affirm Mexican culture and philosophy as a valuable, if not urgent, contribution to universal culture.

Table of Contents


Chapter 01: Gabino Barreda and Contemporary Ideas (1910) by José Vasconcelos
Chapter 02: Discourse at the Inauguration of the National University (1910) by Justo Sierra
Chapter 03: Existence as Economy and as Charity (1916) by Antonio Caso
Chapter 04: Neither Irrationalism nor Rationalism but Critical Philosophy (1928) by José Romano Muñoz
Chapter 05: 20 Years of Education in Mexico (1941) by Samuel Ramos
Chapter 06: History of Philosophy in Mexico (1943) by Samuel Ramos
Chapter 07: The University Debate Between Antonio Caso and Vicente Lombardo Toledano (1933)
Chapter 08: Two Ideas of Philosophy (1940) by Francisco Larroyo and José Gaos
Chapter 09: My Two Cents: “American” Philosophy? (1942) by José Gaos
Chapter 10: Philosophy as Commitment (1952) by Leopoldo Zea
Chapter 11: Solitude and Communion (1948) by Luis Villoro
Chapter 12: The Major Moments of Indigenism in Mexico (1950) by Luis Villoro
Chapter 13: Essay on an Ontology of the Mexican (1951) by Emilio Uranga
Chapter 14: Community, Greatness, and Misery in Mexican Life (1949) by Jorge Portilla
Chapter 15: Art or Monstrosity (1960) by Edmundo O’ Gorman
Chapter 16: On Feminine Culture (1950) by Rosario Castellanos
Chapter 17: Possibilities and Limitations of the Mexican (1958) by José Revueltas
Chapter 18: The X on the Brow: Some Reflections on Mexico (1952) by Alfonso Reyes
Chapter 19: The Problem of Truth (1960) by Abelardo Villegas


About the Editors

Robert Eli Sanchez, Jr. received his Ph.D. in philosophy from the University of California, Riverside in 2012. He is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Mount Saint Mary’s University, Los Angeles, and is a member of the APA Committee on Hispanics.

Carlos Sánchez received his Ph.D. in philosophy from the University of New Mexico in 2006. He is the Editor of the American Philosophical Association’s Newsletter on Hispanic/Latino Issues in Philosophy.

Volumes in the Works

Women Philosophers of Early Modern England by Jacqueline Broad

Margaret Cavendish by David Cunning

Equality and Superiority of Women by Marguerite Deslauriers

Political Thought of Martin Delany by Robert Gooding-Williams

Correspondence of Catharine Macaulay by Karen Green

Mary Shepherd’s Essays on the Perception of External Universe by Antonia LoLordo